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OGC Innovation Program: Research Results for the EO Science Community

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posted on 13.01.2020 by Ingo Simonis
This session provides an overview of the results from the recent OGC Research & Development initiative Testbed-15. The 9-months 5M USD initiative addressed six different topics, Earth Observation Process and Application Discovery, Machine Learning, Federated Cloud Analytics, Open Portrayal Framework, Delta Updates, and Data Centric Security. This session focuses on the results produced by the first three.

Earth Observation Process and Application Discovery developed draft specifications and models for discovery of cloud-provided process and applications. This was achieved by extending existing standards with process and application specific extensions. Now, data processing software can be made available as a service, discovered using catalog interfaces, and executed on demand by customers. This allows to locate the process execution physically close to the data and reduces data transport overheads.

The Machine Learning research developed models in the areas of earth observation data processing, image classification, feature extraction and segmentation, vector attribution, discovery and cataloguing, forest inventory management & optimization, and semantic web-link building and triple generation. Both model discovery and access took place through standardized interfaces.

The Federated Cloud Analytics research analysed how to handle data and processing capacities that are provided by individual cloud environments transparently to the user. The research included how federated membership, resource, and access policy management can be provided within a security environment, while also providing portability and interoperability to all stakeholders. Additionally, the initiative conducted a study of the application of Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLTs), and more specifically Blockchains, for managing provenance information in Federated Cloud.

The other three topics will be briefly introduced in addition. The Open Portrayal Framework provides a fully interoperable portrayal and styling suite of standards. Here, the initiative developed new OGC APIs for styles, maps, images, and tiles. Delta updates explored incremental updates and thus reduced communication payloads between clients and servers, whereas the Data Centric Security thread examined the use of encrypted container formats on standard metadata bindings. How to Prepare for this Session: Al results will be made available as public Engineering Reports that provide full details. These become stepwise available at http://docs.opengeospatial.org/per/

This presentation was given at the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Winter Meeting held in Bethesda, MD in January 2020.

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